"In many places of the Middle East there are very few Christians and in some sections they suffer persecution. One sees a number of Christian women who have purposely made their faces ugly and repulsive by voluntary tattooing, so that they would not be molested. In many places in the Middle East one cannot be an average Christian. Every Christian must be a hero. One of these heroes whom I met, was a Chaldean priest, an alumnus of the Propaganda in Rome, some years before my time. One of the tortures he suffered was the mutilation of his ears. The average American does not, I think, sufficiently realize the ordeals, trials, and heroism of missionaries."